Cupping therapy is traditional medical treatment used in various alternative system of medicines.

Raktamokshana is considered one among Shodhana procedures. Raktamokshana means letting of blood which is mainly indicated in certain disease state especially when there is Raktadushti and also during physiologic function.
The term “Raktamokshana” comprises of two words, ie., ‘Rakta’ & ‘Mokshana'

The word ‘Rakta’ means:coloured, dyed, tinged, painted, Red, crimson, blood red.

Mokshana: The word ‘Mokshana’ is derived from the root ‘moksha’ means ‘to relieve’ or ‘to let out’. Therefore letting out of blood is known as Raktamokshana.

Vedic period:
The process of Raktamokshana can be traced back to Vedic period only and not beyond that.  In the Koushika sutra of Athravaveda, references of Raktamokshana by leech application are to be found (Atridev, A.D.1960)

During the period of Buddha, this process was in regular practice, which could be easily understood from Pilindivachha, a patient of Buddha in whom he did Raktamokshana by Shringa for parvavata (Atridev, A.D1960)
Samhita period :      
Sushruta, Vagbhata focused on the Raktamokshana in detail. In Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga sangrahas, we get separate chapters on Siravyadha. Charaka, the celebrated physician of ancient school of medicine, also gives brief description on this topic.
Coming to Sangraha period, Bhavamishra and Sharangdhara have discussed Siravyadha vidhi, while describing the management of various diseases.
Bloodletting indeed represents one of the oldest human efforts on medicinal therapy. It is hard but a fact to believe that in 18th century when the doctors who could do nothing to the patients coming to them, were just drawing blood as much as possible from them, so that they would feel something was being done for them (Text book of Pathology, William Boyd 1970, p. 1097)
Depending on various factors, the media used for bloodletting varies. In absence of specific media any one of above said can be used for the purpose.
In case of bloodletting being vitiated by Vata, Pitta and Kapha dosha, the blood should be let out by Shringa, Jalauka and Alabu respectively. In cases of vitiation by two/all the three doshas together, Siravyadha or Pracchanna are to be adopted for letting out the blood.15
Application of Shringa can bring out blood from an area of ten angulis around; Jalauka can suck from an area of one hasta, the Alabu from an area of twelve anguli, Pracchanna from an area of one anguli, while Siravyadha can purify the entire body.16
In deep seated pathology, Jalauka is preferable, in pindita rakta – Pracchanna is useful, in case of generalized vitiation of rakta – Siravyadha is advised and Shringa, Alabu if pathology is superficial/utthana.17
Indications for Raktamokshana:

Bloodletting as a method of treatment is indicated in Sotha, daha, paka, raktavarna, asruksruti, Vatarakta, kushta, vata diseases having severe pain, pani roga, slipada, blood vitiated with poisons, granthi, arbuda, apachi, ksudraroga, raktadhimantha, vidari, stanaroga, debility and heaviness of the body, raktabhishyanda, tandra, putigraha, putiasya, putideha, yakrutpliha roga, visarpa, vidradhi, pidaka, paka of karna, oshta, ghrana, vaktra, siroruja, upadamsa and raktapitta. In all diseases, bloodletting can be done either by Shringa, Jalauka or by Siravyadha.18

Contraindications of Raktamokshana:
In the following cases, bloodletting is contraindicated: Generalised swelling, swelling in debilitated persons, caused by sour diet and that in those suffering from Pandu, Arshas, Udara, Shosha and in Garbhini.19

Prachanna:- Incising the diseased part with different instruments is called prachanna.

Sringa:- Impure blood is drawn with the help of cow's horn by applyig it over the incised area is called sringa.
Siravyadha:- Siravyadha is excising a particular blood vessel.
Alabu:-In this procedure dried bottle is used.first incision is made on the skin,then alabu is placed tightly.Before placing the alabu,a small cotton swab is ignited inside it.due to negative pressure the blood will flow to the surface.After the removal of 30-60ml blood ,alabu is pulled out and wound is covered with drugs to heal.

Chinese Medicine:
What is cupping or (Hizama)?

Cupping is a type of alternative therapy that originated in China. It involves placing cups on the skin to create suction. The suction may facilitate healing with blood flow. Proponents also claim the suction helps facilitate the flow of “qi” in the body. Qi is a Chinese word meaning life force. A famous Taoist alchemist and herbalist, Ge Hong, reportedly first practiced cupping. He lived from A.D. 281 to 341.

Many Taoists believe that cupping helps balance yin and yang, or the negative and positive, within the body. Restoring balance between these two extremes is thought to help with the body’s resistance to pathogens as well as its ability to increase blood flow and reduce pain.

Cupping increases blood circulation to the area where the cups are placed. This may relieve muscle tension, which can improve overall blood flow and promote cell repair. It may also help form new connective tissues and create new blood vessels in the tissue.

People use cupping to complement their care for a host of issues and conditions.

What are the different types of cupping?

Cupping was originally performed using animal horns. Later, the “cups” were made from bamboo and then ceramic. The suction was primarily created through the use of heat. The cups were originally heated with fire and then applied to the skin. As they cooled, the cups drew the skin inside.

Modern cupping is often performed using glass cups that are rounded like balls and open on one end.

There are two main categories of cupping performed today:

  • Dry cupping is a suction-only method.
  • Wet cupping may involve both suction and controlled medicinal bleeding.

Your practitioner, your medical condition, and your preferences will help determine what method is used.

What should I expect during a cupping treatment?

During a cupping treatment, a cup is placed on the skin and then heated or suctioned onto the skin. The cup is often heated with fire using alcohol, herbs, or paper that’s placed directly into the cup. The fire source is removed, and the heated cup is placed with the open side directly on your skin.

Some modern cupping practitioners have shifted to using rubber pumps to create suction versus more traditional heat methods.

When the hot cup is placed on your skin, the air inside the cup cools and creates a vacuum that draws the skin and muscle upward into the cup. Your skin may turn red as the blood vessels respond to the change in pressure.

With dry cupping, the cup is set in place for a set time, usually between 5 and 10 minutes. With wet cupping, cups are usually only in place for a few minutes before the practitioner removes the cup and makes a small incision to draw blood.

After the cups are removed, the practitioner may cover the previously cupped areas with ointment and bandages. This helps prevent infection. Any mild bruising or other marks usually go away within 10 days of the session.

Cupping is sometimes performed along with acupuncture treatments. For best results, you may also want to fast or eat only light meals for two to three hours before your cupping session.

Unani Medicine: 'Hizama' wet cupping

'Hijama' in arabic is derived from 'hajm' which means 'sucking'. Cupping (hijama) is the process of applying cups to various points on the body by removing the air inside the cups to form a vacuum.

Cupping (hijama) is of three types:

  • dry cupping (hijama) - This is the process of using a vacuum on different areas of the body in order to gather the blood in that area without incisions (small, light scratches using a sterile surgical blade or disinfected razor).

  • Dry massage cupping (hijama). This is similar to dry cupping (hijama) but olive oil is applied to the skin (before applying the cups) in order to allow easy movement of the cups.

70% of diseases, pains and ailments are due to the blood being unable to reach certain parts of the body. Dry cupping (hijama) and dry massaging cupping (hijama) allow the blood to reach these places.

Dry and massage cupping (hijama) may be self-administered in the comfort and privacy of your own home.


Price Per session: 

Dry cupping therapy Rs 700

Wet Cupping therapy (Hizama) Rs 1400 per/session

Online Advance  booking fee : Rs 500

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  • Rs.500.00

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